Inflorescence movements in response to natural gradients of sunlight are frequently observed in the plant kingdom and are suggested to contribute to reproductive success.\nAlthough the physiological and molecular bases of light-mediated tropisms in vegetative organs have been thoroughly investigated, the mechanisms that control inflorescence orientation in response to light gradients under natural conditions are not well understood. In this work, we have used a combination of laboratory and field experiments to investigate light-mediated re-orientation of Arabidopsis thaliana inflorescences.\nWe show that inflorescence phototropism is promoted by photons in the UV and blue spectral range (≤500 nm) and depends on multiple photoreceptor families.\nExperiments under controlled conditions show that UVR8 is the main photoreceptor mediating the phototropic response to narrowband UV-B radiation, and phototropins and cryptochromes control the response to narrowband blue light.\nInterestingly, whereas phototropins mediate bending in response to low irradiances of blue, cryptochromes are the principal photoreceptors acting at high irradiances.\nMoreover, phototropins negatively regulate the action of cryptochromes at high irradiances of blue light. Experiments under natural field conditions demonstrate that cryptochromes are the principal photoreceptors acting in the promotion of the heliotropic response of inflorescences under full sunlight.
Serrano, A. M.; Vanhaelewyn, L.; Vandenbussche, F.; Boccalandro, H. E.; Maldonado, B.; Straetend, D. V. D.; Ballaré, C. L.; & Arana, M. V. (2021). Cryptochromes are the dominant photoreceptors mediating heliotropic responses of Arabidopsis inflorescences. Plant, cell and environment,44, (10),p.3246–3256
Serrano, Alejandro M.,Vanhaelewyn, Lucas,Vandenbussche, Filip,Boccalandro, Hernán Esteban,Maldonado, Belén,Straetend, Dominique Van Der, et al.. 2021. "Cryptochromes are the dominant photoreceptors mediating heliotropic responses of Arabidopsis inflorescences". Plant, cell and environment 44, no.10:3246–3256.
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