Facultad de Agronomia - UBA

Artículos FAUBA




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Acceso al documento : Documento de Acceso Restringido. Disponible sólo para la Comunidad FAUBA.
URL al registro : http://ri.agro.uba.ar/cgi-bin/library.cgi?a=d&c=arti&d=2017andrade
Tipo de material : Artículo
Autores : Andrade, José Francisco; Satorre, Emilio Horacio; Ermacora, César Matías; Poggio, Santiago Luis
Título en inglés : Weed communities respond to changes in the diversity of crop sequence composition and double cropping
Fuente : Weed research
Año : 2017
Volumen y número : Vol.57
Temas : CROP COVER; CROP SEQUENCE; CROP ROTATION; CROPPING SYSTEM; DOUBLE CROPPING; RESOURCE USE; WEED SHIFTS
Idioma : inglés
Descripción : tbls., grafs.
Páginas :  p.148-158
Resumen : Agricultural intensification, besides increasing land productivity, also affects weed communities. We studied weed shifts in cropping sequences differing in the identity and number of crops grown. We also evaluated whether dissimilar weed communities in different cropping systems converge towards more similar communities, when the same sequence is cropped during 2 years. In three locations in the Rolling Pampa, Argentina, field experiments were conducted including five cropping systems in the first year (winter cereal/ soyabean, field pea/soyabean, and field pea/maize double crops, and maize and soyabean as single crops), while the same sequence was grown in the following 2 years (wheat/soyabean double crop and maize). Changes in weed community composition and structure were analysed through multivariate analyses and frequency–species ranking plots. Weed communities differed first among sites, while weed shifts within each site were mainly associated with growing season and crop type. Differences among crop sequences were higher in the first year, mostly related to specific crop grown, rather than to the number of crops in the sequences. Differences were reduced when the same sequence was grown during two consecutive seasons. Frequency of highly common weeds was negatively associated with the number of days with high crop cover. Our findings contribute to understand weed shifts in consecutive growing seasons, which may help readapting crop sequences to reduce the occurrence of abundant weed species.
DOI : 10.1111/wre.12251
Link al editor : https://www.wiley.com
Cita recomendada : Andrade, J. F.; Satorre, E. H.; Ermacora, C. M.; & Poggio, S. L. (2017). Weed communities respond to changes in the diversity of crop sequence composition and double cropping. Weed research‚ 57‚  p.148-158. Doi: 10.1111/wre.12251.
 
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